Common Acids and Derivatives for Industrial Water Treatment

This article discusses some frequently used acids and acid derivatives in industrial water treatment applications, including sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, citric acid, phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sodium bisulfate and sodium diacetate. It explains their properties and functions for pH adjustment, cleaning, scale removal, corrosion inhibition and metal treatment. Selection depends on the needed pH range, material compatibility and safety. Proper precautions must be followed when handling acids for industrial cleaning, wastewater purification and metal processing.

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